Topic outline

  • General

    الحروف الانجليزية حروف الانجليزي تعليم الحروف الانجليزية | Learn english,  English phrases, Learning

    المادة :   لغة أجنبية

    الرصيد: 01


    أهداف التعليم: من خلال هذا المقياس يتم تدريب الطالب على كيفية المحادثة والكتابة باللغة الانجليزية، وذلك من خلال التحكم في المبادئ الأساسية للمحاسبة والمصطلحات المحاسبية الأساسية.

    الجمهور المستهدف: طلبة السنة الأولى جدع مشترك 

    المعارف المسبقة المطلوبة :  أن يكون الطالب قد درس اللغة الانجليزية.

    محتوى المادة:

    1-       المصطلحات المحاسبية باللغة الأجنبية.

    2-       تقديم دروس في المحاسبة  والمراجعة باللغة الأجنبية.

    3-       دراسة نصوص مختارة باللغة الأجنبية في المحاسبة.

    4-       تطبيقات باستعمال وسائل سمعية بصرية.

    5- تعلم كتابةالسيرة الداتية و طلب عمل و رسالةتوصية باللغة الانجليزية 

    6- تعلم التعريف بالنفس في اجتماع اوما شابه دلك 

    7- الدروس بصفة عامةتخدم الطالب مستقبلا في مجال دراسته او عمله

    طريقة التقييم

    تقييم مستمر و امتحان نهائي 50 بالمائة للمحاضرة و 50 بالمائة للأعمال الموجهة.


    المراجع:   كتب وقواميس في المحاسبة ومواقع انترنت متعلقة  بالمحاسبة باللغة الانجليزية

    Distance Learning course ( English)

    Target audience: Students of first year.

    Pedagogical aims: To familiarize students with basic terminology in English in parallel with their field of study

    Teaching methods [ videos, paper support ( slides), distance activities ( MCQs, written production, oral production), periodic activities to be submitted] : Visual meeting, handouts, videos, open debates.

    Time sequencing ( 10-12 weeks): 1h30mns per Week – online every Saturday  

    Evaluation methods: continuous  assessment and workshops.

  • Word Family of Economy

    Students will distinguish between words belonging to the same word family as "Economy"

    Task one

    Use the discovered words to fill in the gaps

    1-     I got an economical .fight ticket to Spain

    2-     What has gone wrong with the economy system during the last ten years

    3-     Larger tubes of toothpaste are more economical

    4-     economics .is the oldest of the social sciences

    5-     Many people believe that inflation leads to economic  decline

    6-     This country has an industrial economy 

    7-     A small car is more economical than a large one

    8-     He is studying for a degree in economics 

    9-     You should use your resources in more economical .way

    10-Further inflation will endanger our economy  seriously

    11-There has been a slow down in the economic  activities recently

    12-The government’s management of the economy  Has been severely criticized

    13-She though herself as an economical  housewife

    14-Everybody is convinced that the president’s new policy will bring about an improvement in the American economy

    15-The global economy is doing better as compared to last year

    16-The BBC just hired a new economist Advisor economist 

    17-I need 1000 dollar for my vacation; so I am going to have to economize 

    18-A country’s economy is the wealth it gets from business and industry




    Task two : choose the right word

    1-     Economy**economics

    We are students of economics 

    The economy is in recession


    2-     Economical**economic

    Our country’s economic situation is getting better

    How could the most economical use of our time be organized

    3-     Economize**economist

    John Keynes was the greatest English economist

    Don’t economize on things which will hardly save you any more

    4-     Economical**economically

    That engine is not the most economical

    Many students can spend their time economically 

    key answer of the first activity :economical,economy,economical,economics,economic,economy, economical,economics,economical,economy,economic,economy,economical,economy,economy,economics

  • Shaping a company

    students here  worked on both writing and speaking skills, they learned how to write a paragraph describing their own application( they shaped their own company) and they presented it in front of their classmates.

    Activity: it is your turn now , try to shape a company following the steps that we saw during the explanation .
  • Marketing

    Students will gain an overview about Marketing, its kinds, Marketing mix, and importance.

  • International Trade

    Student will have an overview concerning the international trade and its transactions, in addition to memorizing the main topic-related keywords.


    Key answers  of international trade

    1-    Read the text then correct the statements below (True or false):

    a-      British companies don’t sell overseas. False

    British companies sell overseas.

    b-      Multinational companies sell the same products in different markets. False

    Multinational companies different products in different markets.

    c-      Increased competition is good for producers and bad for customers. false

    Increased competition is bad for products and good for customers .

    d-       Changes in the exchange rate are not important in international trade. False

    Changes in the exchange rate are  important in international trade.

    2/ Match the highlighted words and phrases in the text with their definitions:

    1-      What a company pays for its workers: Exchange rate

    2-      The type of money used in another country or market : foreign currency

    3- The value of one currency compared to another : exchange rate

    4- Smaller companies that are part of a larger company : subsidiaries

    5- Companies that operate in more than one country : multinational companies

    6- Things produced in your country and sold in other countries: exports

     7- Places abroad where you can sell your products: overseas markets

    8- Things produced in other countries and sold in your country: imports


  • what is Business Letter

    Sample Business Letter Format | 75+ Free Letter Templates | RG

    What is business letter

    What is business letter ; is a paper written by someone usually for asking for a job. A letter from one company to another or between organizations and their customers.[1]

    Types of business letter

    1-         To apology 

    2-         To point out a mistake

    3-         To ask for equipment

    4-         To convey a good will

    5-         To replay

    6-         To complain.[2]

    + practice with model

    How to write a business letter

    Business letters are different from personal letters. They need to be laid out in a particular way and to use a more formal style of language. Since a business letter is usually from or to an  organisation, it must be written correctly: it will create the wrong impression if it has errors in it.[3]

    As with any type of communication you need to think about:

    Its purpose. Why are you writing the  letter? What information do you need to get across? Is the  information sensitive?

    Your audience. Who is going to receive the letter? What do they know already? How will the

    information affect them?

    Tips on writing business letters

    Ø  Prepare

    Ø  Collect together all relevant details and information.

    Ø  Write notes first on what you need to say.

    Ø  Plan

    Ø  Structure the information clearly for the reader.

    Ø  Write

    Ø  Use the 'house style' of your organisation to lay out the letter.

    Ø  Use paragraphs.

    Ø  Use short, clear sentences

    Ø  Check

    Ø  Proofread your work.

    Ø  Check spellings in a dictionary, with the spellchecker or with another person.












  • Active VS Passive voice


    - Use of active/ passive voice

    - Form of active & passive sentence

    - Steps for transforming an active sentence into passive

    - Main tenses (from A. to P.)

    - From Subject into Object pronouns

  • Tenses

    Grammatical Tense: Definition and Examples

    objectives: students here will know the main 3 tenses in English in order to know how to write, read and talk a clear and correct sentences.

    Tenses :

    1-    Auxiliaries

    To be

    To be in the present

    I am

    You, we, they :  are

    She, he , it :   is

    To be in the past

    I, you, they, we : were

    She, he, it :was

    To be in the future :

    Will be with all pronouns

    To have

    To have in the present:

    I, you, they, we :have

    She, he, it: has

    To have in the past

    Had with all pronouns

    To have in the future

    Will have with all pronouns

    To do

    To do in the present

    I, you,they , we : do

    She, he, it : does

    To do in the past

    Did with all pronouns

    To do in the future

    Will do with all pronouns

    2-    Verbs

    1-          To conjugate a verb in the present;

    I, you, they, we  : stem

    She, he ,it  : verb + s

    (now, nowadays)

    2-         To conjugate a verb in the past;

    Regular verb; verb + ed

    Irregular verb, change completely

    (yesterday, before, last year, last month, last week)

    3-          To conjugate a verb in the future;

    Will + stem

    (tomorrow, after, next year, next month, next week)


  • Topic 8

                                                       The Ultimate CV Guide for 2020 | Hloom


    A curriculum vitae (CV) is a comprehensive document that lists your qualifications for employment. It's primarily used for academic positions.[1]

    curriculum vitae works in much the same way as a resume, providing information about an individual's educational and work history. Often called a CV for short, it's much more comprehensive than the typical resume and can be much longer.

    There's no limit to how long a CV can be, but it must be focused on academic and professional experience. A lengthy CV isn't any better than a short one if it contains fluff or irrelevant data. A job applicant seeking an academic position, like a teaching appointment at a college or university or a research position, should always use a CV.[2]

    A CV must include:

      Contact information

    ü  Personal Statement (Personal Profile)

    ü  Work Experience

    ü  Education

    ü  Skills

    ü  Professional Certifications

    ü  Professional Associations

    ü  Languages

    ü  Additional Training and Courses

    ü  Conference Participation

    ü    Publications

    ü  Awards[3]

    A cv must not include

    ü  Your personal life

    ü  Causes of leaving previous job

    ü  The photo also is not a must

    نتيجة بحث الصور عن what should a good cv include

    [1] DAWN ROSENBERG MCKAY . AWhat is a Curriculum Vitae (CV)?Definition & Examples of a Curriculum Vitae (CV) . 2020
    [2] The same previous reference
    [3] Michal Tomaszewski . What to Include in a CV: 6 Must-Have Sections to Put on a CV in 2021.


  • Recruitment and selection


    goals: students here will discover many key words that are related to their field, with many activities that help them to memorize these terminologies.

    Recruitment and election

    a-      Recruitment

    The process of finding people for particular jobs is recruitment or, espicially in American english ,hiring . Somone who has been recruited is a recruit or, in American English, a hire. The company employs or hires them; they join the company . A company may recruit employers directly or use outside recruiters , recruitment agencies or employment agencies . Outside specialist called headhunters may be called on to headhunt people for very important jobs ,persuading them to leave the organization they already work for.  This process is called headhunting .

    b-      Applying for a job

    Fred is a van driver , but he was fed up with long trips .He looked in the situation vacant pages of his local newspapers, where a local supermarkets was advertising for van driver for a new delivery service. He applied for the job by completing an application form and sending it in.

    Harry is a building engineer. He saw a job in the appointments pages of one the national papers. He made an application sending in his CV and a covering letter explaining why he wanted the job and why he was the right person for it .

    c-      Selection procedures

    Dagmar Shmidit is the head of recruitment at a German telecommunications company. She talks about the selection process, the methods that the company uses to recruit people:

    We adverise in national newspapers. We look at the background of applicant: their experience of different jobs and their educational qualifications. We do not ask for letters of application as people usually apply by email; handwriting analyses belongs to the 19th century.

    We invite the most interesting candidates to a group discussion. Then we have individual interviews with each candidate. We also ask the candidates to do written psychometric tests to assess their intelligence and personality.

    After this, we shortlist three or four candidates. We check their references by writing to their referees: previous employers or teachers that the candidates have named in their applications. If the references are OK, we ask the candidates to come back for more interviews. Finally, we offer the job to someone, and if they turn it down we have to think again. If they accept it , we hire them. We only appoint someone if we find the right person.

    Activities with answers

    1-      Complete the crossword. Use appropriate forms of words from A,B and C opposite:

    a-      I hope she accepts because if she turns down the job , we will have to start looking again.

    b-      That last applicant was very strong, but I understand he had two other offers already.

    c-      They have finally hired a new receptionist.

    d-     Computer programmers wanted only those with UNIX experience should apply

    e-      I phoned to check on my application, but they said they’d already recruited someone.

    f-       This job is so important, I think we need to headhunt someone.

    g-      The selection process has lasted three months, but we are going to appoint someone next week.

    2-      Replace theunderlined phrases with correct forms of words and expressions from A,B and C opposite.

    Fred had alredy refuse two jobs offers when he went for a discussion to see if he wa suitable for the job. They looked at his driving licence and contacted previous employers Fred had mentioned in his application. A few days later, the supermarket asked him if he would like the job and fred said yes.


    Harry did not hear anything for six weeks, so he phoned the company. They told him that they had received a lot of request for the job . after looking at the life stories of the people asking the job and looking at  what exams they had passed during their educationthe company had chosen six people to interview, done tests on their personality and intelligence and they then given someone the job.

    a-      Turned down

    b-      An interview

    c-      His referees

    d-     Offred him the job

    e-      Accepted

    f-       Applications

    g-      CV

    h-      Candidates

    i-        Their qualifications

    j-        Shortlist



  • Topic 11

    How to Write a Good Paragraph - YouTube

    goal: in this lesson students will focus on their writing skill, they will learn the  steps of writing a paragraph using the chronological order in writing ideas.with practice.

    Paragraphs are distinct blocks of text which section out a larger piece of writing—stories, novels, articles, creative writing or professional writing pieces—making it easier to read and understand. Good paragraphs are a handy writing skill for many forms of literature, and good writers can greatly enhance the readability of their news, essays, or fiction writing when constructed properly.

    1-      Make the first sentence of your topic sentence.

    2-      Provide support via the middle sentences

    3-      Make your last sentence a conclusion or transition

    4-      Know when to start a new paragraph

    How to Write a Perfect Paragraph Written by the MasterClass staff

  • Business letter

    What is business letter ; is a paper written by someone usually for asking for a job. A letter from one company to another or between organizations and their customers Types of business letter 1- To apology 2- To point out a mistake 3- To ask for equipment 4- To convey a good will 5- To replay 6- To complain. + practice with model. sample How to write a business letter Business letters are different from personal letters. They need to be laid out in a particular way and to use a more formal style of language. Since a business letter is usually from or to an organisation, it must be written correctly: it will create the wrong impression if it has errors in it. As with any type of communication you need to think about: Its purpose. Why are you writing the letter? What information do you need to get across? Is the information sensitive? Your audience. Who is going to receive the letter? What do they know already? How will the information affect them? Tips on writing business letters Prepare • Collect together all relevant details and information. • Write notes first on what you need to say. Plan • Structure the information clearly for the reader. Write • Use the 'house style' of your organisation to lay out the letter. • Use paragraphs. • Use short, clear sentences Check • Proofread your work. • Check spellings in a dictionary, with the spellchecker or with another person.
    • Supplies and demand

      SUPPLY  and  DEMAND Supply  and  Demand  form  the  most  fundamental concepts  of economics.  Whether you  are  an  academic, farmer,  manufacturer,  or  simply  a  consumer,  the  basic  premise  of supply  and  demand  equilibrium  is integrated into  your  daily  action,  these  models  can  the  more  complicated  aspects of  economics  be mastered. 1/  Explaining  Demand: Demand is  the  desire  consumers  have  for  a  good  or service,  the  most  basic  relationship  between  the price of  a  good  and  its  demand  from  the  stand  point  of the  consumer. The law  of  demand: There  is  an inverse  relationship  between price  and  quantity  demanded. The  quantity  demanded  of  a good  is  the  amount  of  aproduct  that  consumers  are  willing  to  purchase  at  a given  price.  Example:-*    when the  price  goes  down foe  milk,  the  quantity  consumers  buy  will increase. Like  how  many  people  would  want  to  eat  something   The lower the  price,  the  more  you  demand.   The higher  the  price,  the  lower the  quantity  demanded. 2/  Explaining  supply: Is the  total  amount  of a  good  or  service  available for consumption. The  law  of supply: There  is  a  direct  relationship  between price  and  quantity  supplied;  the  higher  the  price,  the  higher  the quantity  supplied.  The  quantity  supplied  of a  good  is  the  amount  of a  product  that  a company  is  willing to  make  available for sale at  a given price  Ex:  when the  price goes  up  for  milk,  the  quantity  producers make  will increase. 3/  What  happens  to  the  supply  for  a product  when  the  price  increases? Supply  stays  the  same,  but  the quantity  supplied increases  (price  changes  the  quantity  supplied) 4/  Why is  important  to  know  Supply  and  Demand? Beacause  they  play  a very  important role in  the  economics  of  the nation. For  ex:  we  have  shirts  available left  in  a  store  and  many  people demand  for it.  the  demand  will  increase even  the price  is higher  or  the  demand  will  make  the  price higher. So, supply  and  demand  is  very  important  to  determine  the  PRICE  the  value  of  money  that  are  willing  to give  in  exchange  for a  good  or service.